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Sunday, November 02, 2008


kelsey haight

so will chapter 17 terms be included on thursdays test?


The 4 Stages of European Contact with the World (p516)
- Discovery / Settlement – 1500s-1600s
- Mercantilist Empires – 1700s – policies designed to increase trade / decrease
power of rivals. Navies develop / limited colonial wars
- Formal Empires – 1800s – mid 1900s Direct administration – British Dominance
- DEcolonization – 1950s+

Mercantilism (p 517): THE dominant Economic theory of the first semester.
Belief that governments heavily regulate trade and commerce in hope of increasing national wealth. The Goal was to have the most gold in the government coffers. Countries obtained wealth by selling more goods abroad than they purchased. Rules should be established which promoted your businesses (subsidies / monopolies) and reduced other countries businesses (import taxes). Colonies were created in this system because they provided 1) cheap resources and 2) captive markets to buy your stuff. It’s based on the flawed notion that wealth is 1) finite and 2) based on gold/silver.

French-British Colonial Rivalry
By the 1700s France and Britain were the dominant colonial powers.
They conflicted in the Northern Hemisphere (the mid west), the Caribian (West
Indies) and new ports in India
Britain won in all areas as a result of the 7 Years War (1763) and became the
dominant colonial empire for the next 200 years

War of Jenkins Ear 1739
War between Spain and England over trade in the West Indies. Signifigance: got many of the later wars going.

War of Austrian Succession 1740 – 1748)
War between Austria and Prussia over Silesia. Frederick the Great wanted it, Maria Theresa of Austria was determined to keep it. She failed. France Supported Prussia and England supported Austria. The War ended in stalement, but Prussia retained it’s prize from the war: Silesia

Silesia: (532)
Small strip of land owned by Hapsburg Austria. Prussia always coveted it because it separates Brandenburg from Prussia. IF Prussia could gain it, she would finally connect her lands. Frederick succeeds in the War of Austrian Succession.

Prussian-Austrian Rivalry
THE dominant conflict in Central Europe was between the rising Prussians and the decaying Hapsburgs over who would be the dominant 1) German power & 2) central power.
Prussia will gradually win this fight.

The Diplomatic Revolution
After centuries of French-Austrian conflict, Maria Theresa turns to France as an ally (to serve as a counter-weight to Prussia). It was an amazing turn of events. It would be the modern equivalent of Iran and Israel becoming allies in the Middle East.

Magyars (533)
The dominant minority in the Austrian Empire. These Hungarians will use their power to extract rights/concessions from the Hapsburg monarchy.

Balance of Power
The relationship between the major countries during the 1700s No one country could gain dominance over the others; although, all of them wanted and tried to. Whenever any one would begin to dominate, and alliance would form against them. Kinda like Whac-a-Mole.

The Seven Years War (1756-1763)
What begins as a Prussian- Austrian conflict in central Europe erupts into a full scale colonial war between England (Prussia’s ally) and France (Austria’s ally) over much of the Globe. England will emerge as the dominant colonial power, France will be bankrupted and lose its colonies. Prussia reduces the Holy Roman Empire to a shell and becomes the dominant German power. Austria will shift its focus toward eastern Europe and the Balkans .
The Treaty of Paris (1763)
Treaty ending the 7 Years War:
Britain gets Canada / everything east of the Mississipi river.
Britain also gains dominance over India.

Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
Ends the War of Austrian Succession. Prussia keeps the territory conquered from Austria: Silesia! Maria Theresa gets to stay in power : )


hey mr. adams, will the idiot's guide help us study for the test?


why was Benedict de Spinoza excommunicated from the Amsterdam synagogue if he believed God was everything?


Differences in Doctrine.

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