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Tuesday, November 03, 2009

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Adams

Section 1 Terms

Newton


“Dare to Know!”
Emmanuel Kant’s call for people to put away the ideas and assumptions that they have been taught and search for truth themselves. A nice motto for the Enlightenment,

Paris France
The heart of the Enlightenment.

John Locke (552)
Human Nature: Humans have no innate nature. All humans enter the world a blank page (tabula rasa). Personality is the result of external experiences. Experience shapes character. Improve human conditions = improved humans : )
Rejection of predestination and ‘original sin’

Print culture [of the 1700s] (553)
Enlightenment culture in which books, journals, newspapers, and pamphlets become very important. The volume printed increased as did the number of readers. The novel emerged in this era. Nobles and the middle class were expected to read and be knowledgeable.


High vs Low culture (554)
A division that emerged in the 1700s between writings aimed at the Noble and Middle Class cultures (high) and those writings aimed at the lower classes. All print culture had historically been high culture, but the growth of literacy sparked the development of low culure. In Modern America, TV is low culture, Opera is High. : )

Public Opinion (554)
A new creation of the 1700s. Art/thinkers had always been supported by wealthy patrons. Now, mass readership supported writers/thinkers/artists and created an independence and multitude of opinions that were widely circulated and often critical of those in power.

Coffeehouses (555)
A new creation of the enlightenment. A public space that provided a social spot for discussions of politics, literature, & ideas. Helped spread enlightenment ideas.

Freemason: (554)
Secret society created to spread/discuss enlightenment ideas. Subject of many conspiracy theories.

Adams

Section 2

Philosophes (554)
Enlightenment writers and critics who were the leaders of the new ‘public opinion’. In general they favored change, reform, and toleration. They were not an organized group and often disagreed with one another.

Voltaire (557)
The most influential and famous philosophe. Outspoken advocate for free speech and religious toleration. He rejected democracy and supported enlightened absolutism.

Candide (558)
Voltaire’s most famous work. It’s a satirical attack on 17th century Europe. It was also an attack on the Enlightenment optimistic assumption that 1) human society could be improved and 2) the optimistic notion that a deistic God has created the best of all possible worlds.

Dr Pangloss (cw)
Character in Candide that is a lampooning of the common enlightenment belief that a rational god had created a rational world. Dr Pangloss goes throughout the novel proclaiming that “this is the best of all possible worlds and the product of a benevolent creator” He is modeled on von Liebnitz.

Alexander Pope (cw)
Author of Essay on Man. In which he epitomizes the enlightenment optimism by proclaiming “whatever is, is right.”

libby

how do you grade our hw?

wesleya

Good Question:
The assumed grade is an A.
A = 96 I default to this grade and thus a wide range of output is included in this category.

That leaves me room at the top to give the "intense" HW-Doers a 100

B (86) = less than A-quality. some Half-answered. some blanks etc

C (76) = Weak


100 = 5 -10% of kids
A = 70 - 80%
B = 5 -20%
C = 5-10%

Hope that helps. : /

Sheepie the Hippie

what are we doing friday?

libby

Ah Okay dokey! Thanks!

ARB and SR

hey! this is alexis and sydney who still have to write that explosion of knowledge... how many terms should we have in our essays??

wesleya

a lot

ARB and SR

wesley! what will get us an "A"???

Adams

using almost all of the terms. : )

most people completely rocked all over this "essay"

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