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Tuesday, March 24, 2009

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Aja "Not Asian" Baldwin

Wait, were we supposed to start this tonight?

Sarah

hey what should we have done so far?

wesleya

section 1

wesleya

Section 1

Neville Chamberlain- Pre-war Prime Minister of Britain. Appeasement.
He was a strong advocate of appeasement and believed that the survival of the British Empire depended upon an accommodation with Germany. Chamberlain had made it known to Hitler in November 1937 that he would not oppose changes in central Europe, provided that they were executed peacefully. After returning from the Munich Conference, Chamberlain boasted that the Munich agreement meant “peace for our time.” Hitler had promised Chamberlain that he had made his last demand; all other European problems could be settled by negotiation. Like many German politicians, Chamberlain had believed Hitler’s assurances.

Rhineland-
On March 7, 1936, Hitler (confident that the Western democracies had no intention of using force to maintain all aspects of the Treaty of Versailles) sent German troops into the demilitarized Rhineland. According the Versailles treaty, the French had the right to use force against any violation of the demilitarized Rhineland. France however would not act without British support, and the British (going with their policy of appeasement) viewed the occupation of German territory by German troops as another reasonable action by a dissatisfied power.

Sudetenland-
the mountainous northwestern border area of Czechoslovakia that was home to 3 million ethnic Germans. It also contained Czechoslovakia’s most important frontier defenses and considerable industrial resources as well. Hitler demanded the cession of the Sudetenland to Germany and expressed his willingness to risk “world war” to achieve his objective. War was not necessary as appeasement triumphed once again, and Hitler gained the Sudetenland conflict-free at the Munich Conference.


Polish Corridor-
Poland’s access to the sea at the port at Danzig. (but separated a section from Germany).
Hitler demanded the return of Danzig (which had been made a free city by the Treaty of Versailles to serve as a seaport for Poland) to Germany. In response, Britain offered to protect Poland in the event of war. At the same time France and Britain realized that only the Soviet Union was powerful enough to help contain Nazi aggression and began political and military negotiations with Stalin and the Soviets. However, the West’s distrust of Soviet communism made an alliance unlikely.

Lebensraum- “living space”
This doctrine maintained that a nation’s power depended upon the amount and kind of land it occupied. This doctrine is what Hitler used to justify his expansionist policies into eastern Europe

Aryan race- the German race, who in Hitler’s view were the dominant race of mankind destined to rule Europe and possibly the world. Hitler believed that the leading group of Aryans was threatened from the east by a large mass of inferior peoples, the Slavs, who had learned to use German weapons and technology. He wanted to take over Russia so that its land could be resettled by German peasants, and the Slavic population could be used as slave labor to build the Aryan racial state that would dominate Europe for 1,000 years.

Spanish Civil War- Prelude to WWII
The Civil War between the Spanish Political Left and Political Right. Often characterized as part of a larger struggle of Communism vs Fascism. General Francisco Franco (a fascist) rebelled against the leftist republic government in 1936. Franco wins and maintains a dictatorship in spain until 1975.

Munich Conference-
an agreement that essentially met all of Hitler’s demands. German troops were allowed to occupy the Sudetenland as the Czechs, abandoned by their Western allies, stood by helplessly. The Munich Conference was the high point of Western appeasement of Hitler.
Today, Munich is a code word for being weak against an enemy.

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