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Sunday, February 15, 2009

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Giles

what will the "stuff" be on friday?

wesleya

SECTION 7

Trade Unionism

First International


Fabian Socialists
- a British group of laborer-supporting intellectuals who stressed the need for the workers to use their right to vote to capture the House of Commons and pass legislation that would benefit the laboring class. They later combined with trade unions to form the Labor Party.

Labour Party

David Lloyd George- “new” Liberalism
Transformed the Liberal Party by rejecting laissez faire (while keeping political liberalism)
His efforts represented some of the first steps toward the future British Welfare state.
National Insurance Act of 1911( provided benefits for workers in the case of sickness and unemployment) Pensions for those over 70 and compensation for those injured while working. 
Increased the tax burden on the wealthy class.

“New” Liberalism- 
David Lloyed George’s changes to the British Liberal Party.
the demands of the working-class movement caused Liberals to move away from their economic ideals. They abandoned laissez-faire and voted for a series of social reforms and gradually created a British welfare state. Liberalism’s core of ‘the government that governs least governs best’ had been transformed. They kept political liberalism, but changed economic liberalism

Parliament Act 1911
- The National Insurance Act of 1911 provided benefits for workers in the case of sickness and unemployment, to be financed by compulsory contributions from workers, employers, and the state.

Eduard Bernstein (Evolutionary Socialism)
- the most prominent revisionist, he was a member of the German Social Democratic Party. He challenged Marxist orthodoxy with his book Evolutionary Socialism in which he argued that some of Marx’s ideas were wrong (such as the capitalist system had not broken down, nor did its demise seem near). He believed that evolution by democratic means, not revolution, would achieve the desired goal of socialism.

Social Democratic Party (SPD in France, same as SDP)
- German political party that followed revolutionary Marxist rhetoric while organizing itself as a mass political party competing in elections for the Reichstag. Once there, SPD delegates worked to enact legislation to improve the condition of the working class. Other SPDs based on the German model were founded in Belgium, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, the Netherlands, and Russia.

Social Democrats- 
Becomes a major party in many countries during this period.
- Germany: industrialization led to a greater expansion for them. By 1912, it became the largest single party in the Reichstag. At the same time it became less revolutionary and more revisionist in its outlook. - Russia: repression of socialism forced it to go underground and become revolutionary; the Marxist

Marxist Revisionism
- led by Bernstein, it was the concept that socialist ideas could be accomplished through using the present government, by voting democratically and peacefully rather than by violent revolution

Mensheviks- 
One wing of the Russian Social Democratic Party.
The Marxist Social Democratic Party in 1904 divided into two factions: the Mensheviks and the Bolsheviks. The Mensheviks wanted the Social Democrats to be a mass electoral socialist party based on a Western model. Like the Social Democrats of Germany, they were willing to cooperate temporarily in a parliamentary democracy while working toward the ultimate achievement of the socialist state.

Bolsheviks- 
a small faction of the Russian Social Democrats who came under the leadership of V. I. Lenin, who led the Bolsheviks to become a party dedicated to violent revolution. Lenin believed that only a violet revolution could destroy the capitalist system and that a “vanguard” of activists must form a small party of well-disciplined professional revolutionaries to accomplish the task. He also maintained that that the soviets of soldiers, workers, and peasants were ready-made instruments of power to execute his Marxist revolutionary plan.

How Lenin modified Marxism
- Lenin argued that it was not necessary for Russia to experience a bourgeois period before it could move toward socialism, instead it could move directly into socialism from Feudalism through the leadership of a revolutionary elite (vanguard).

Bloody Sunday- 
the Russo-Japanese war caused growing discontent of Russians and led to upheaval. Middle class businessman wanted liberal institutions and a liberal political system. Nationalities were dissatisfied with their domination by a 45% Russian ethnic population. Peasants were still suffering from a lack of land, and laborers felt oppressed by their working and living conditions in Russia’s large cities. When a war-related transportation breakdown led to food shortages in major Russian cities, a procession of workers went to the palace in St. Petersburg on Jan, 9 1905 to present a petition of grievances to the tsar. Troops idiotically opened fire on the peaceful demonstration, killing hundreds and launching a revolution (this was known as “Bloody Sunday”). This event caused workers to call for strikes and form unions; meanwhile zemstvos demanded a parliamentary government, ethnic groups revolted, and peasants burned the houses of landowners. Nicholas II responded by issuing the October Manifesto which granted civil liberties and agreed to create a Duma (legislative assembly) elected directly by a broad franchise. This didn’t last long however and soon Russia was under tsarist rule again until World War I.

amy nelson

r we having a DBQ tomorrow and monday?

wesleya

No no,
Sorry, i'll fix that.
Monday is a "work on your homework" day

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